"The Settlement of Austin's Colony" by Henry McArdle

The "Father of Texas" rallies settlers against Karankawa

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As more and more settlers arrived in Texas in the 19th century, confrontations with American Indians escalated as early settlers drove the Karankawa Indians off their tribal lands.

This 1875 oil-on-canvas painting by Henry McArdle portrays "Father of Texas" Stephen F. Austin rallying his colonists against the tribe around 1824. "The Settlement of Austin's Colony" also features Austin colony commissioner Baron de Bastrop (left) , Secretary of the Colony Samuel L. Williams (right), chief scout Ran Foster (bottom right), Austin's cook Simon (window), and surveyor Horatio Chriesman (bottom left). The painting hangs permanently in the House of Representatives Chamber at the Texas state capitol building in Austin.

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"The Settlement of Austin's Colony" by Henry McArdle Artifact from Austin, Texas
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