Mussel Shell Hoe of East Texas Caddo

Planting tool used primarily by Caddo women

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The Caddo of East Texas were a settled, agricultural people who farmed corn, beans, and squash. The women did the farming, as well as gathering wild nuts, berries, and roots. This hoe was discovered at the Sanders Site in Lamar County, just north of Paris, Texas. The handle is attached to a freshwater mussel shell via a hole drilled near its hinge. 

See this and other artifacts on the Interactive Texas Map

Mussel Shell Hoe of East Texas Caddo Artifact from Lamar County
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