Mussel Shell Hoe of East Texas Caddo
Planting tool used primarily by Caddo women
The Caddo of East Texas were a settled, agricultural people who farmed corn, beans, and squash. The women did the farming, as well as gathering wild nuts, berries, and roots. This hoe was discovered at the Sanders Site in Lamar County, just north of Paris, Texas. The handle is attached to a freshwater mussel shell via a hole drilled near its hinge.
Texas Archeological Research Laboratory, The University of Texas at Austin
2 5/16" Length X 2 1/4" Width X 3/8" Depth
1200 BCE - 1700 CE Texas Beyond History dates the Caddo at 800 CE and the Saunders site in particular is 1400-1650 CE
This artifact is not on view.