Life and Death on the Border 1910–1920

Texans had divergent reactions to revolution in Mexico.

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In the second decade of the 20th century, Texans read headline news of a “great war” in Europe, while at the same time a rebellion closer to home was having a more immediate impact on those living along the borders of Texas and Mexico.   

Life and Death on the Border 1910-1920 re-examines historic events in Texas during which some of the worst state-sanctioned racial violence in the U.S. occurred. Photographs, postcards, court documents, and rare artifacts, including a silver-trimmed saddle belonging to Francisco "Pancho" Villa, are now on view. Family heirlooms, field tools, Texas Ranger artifacts, and a decoded page of a diplomatic telegram sent to Mexico from Germany help illustrate the international context, cultures, and life along the Texas Mexico border at the turn of the 20th century. The search for justice inspired a renaissance of Tejano literature, art, and music, and influenced the creation of the Mexican American civil rights movement. Illustrations, posters, paintings, and a music listening station with recordings of música Tejana portray the formation of the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) in 1929 and the Chicano movement that flourished in the 1970s.

The violence is well known among historians, but it is little known among the broader public... El Paso Times (Read more.)
In the Bullock exhibit, the truth is beginning to be told.San Antonio Express-News

Banner image courtesy Robert Runyon Photograph Collection, The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Support for the Bullock Museum's exhibitions and education programs provided by the Texas State History Museum Foundation.