Missouri Warhawk, 1870s

"Bleeding Heart" tomahawk used by a Pawnee Scout

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Classified as a "friendly tribe" by the 19th century U.S. government, Pawnee Indians were recruited in large numbers to serve in the U.S. Army under commanding officer Major Frank North. From 1864 to 1877, Pawnee Scouts aided Army forces in battles by providing tracking and reconnaissance as well as disciplined fighting.

In American Indian culture, tomahawks were general purpose tools as well as weapons. This tomahawk, also known as a Missouri Warhawk, was carried by Pawnee Indian Scout Anga Quash in the 1870s. Missouri Warhawks were characterized by designs or patterns on the ax blade. The designs, like this curve-tipped "bleeding heart," weakened the metal, however, making the tomahawks more suitable for ceremonial purposes than for conflict.  

See this and other artifacts on the Interactive Texas Map

Missouri Warhawk, 1870s Artifact from San Antonio, Texas
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